Unsightly veins on your legs that are discolored, bulging, and swollen can cause pain and may make you self-conscious. For management of these uncomfortable vascular issues, trust cardiovascular specialist Alex Alperovich, MD, FACC, FSCAI, and the team at Advanced Cardiovascular & Vein Center in Jackson, Tennessee. Call the office at (731) 215-1281 or schedule an appointment online today to learn more about your treatment options for varicose and spider veins.
Varicose & Spider Vein Treatments Q & A
What are varicose and spider veins?
Varicose veins are easy to recognize as large, bulbous blood vessels that protrude through the skin on your legs. Spider veins are smaller and usually reddish, blue, or purple in color. They twist and turn in thin lines that resemble a spider web.
These veins become dysfunctional when the one-way valves that push blood back to the heart fail. Blood pools in the veins, as a result, causing the swelling, discoloration, and bulging of spider and varicose veins.
What causes varicose and spider veins?
You may be more vulnerable to developing dysfunctional veins due to genetics. If your job has required a lot of standing or you’re obese, it also puts you at greater risk. Other causes can include:
- Use of birth control pills or hormone replacement after menopause
- History of blood clots
- Abnormal pressure in the abdomen, including constipation and girdles
Women are more likely to develop varicose and spider veins than men.
What are the symptoms of varicose or spider veins?
Spider veins tend to be more of a cosmetic problem but can also cause mild swelling and discomfort. Varicose veins may cause uncomfortable symptoms, including:
- Aching and cramping in your legs
Women may find their symptoms worsen during their period or in pregnancy. As vein disease progresses, ulcers, skin darkening, and bleeding sores can develop.
How are varicose and spider veins treated?
Conservative treatments for dysfunctional veins include medical-grade support stockings and lifestyle changes, such as weight loss and more physical activity. Ultrasound procedures help Dr. Alperovich diagnose and evaluate the condition of your veins and determine the appropriate treatment plan.
Dr. Alperovich may recommend sclerotherapy, in which a concentrated solution is injected into the veins, to treat cosmetic spider vein issues. This treatment is quick, simple, and performed in an outpatient setting.
Some veins may be treated with endovenous laser treatment. In this procedure, a small laser fiber delivers pulses of light into the vein and causes it to collapse. Radio-frequency occlusion using state-of-the-art technology from Medtronic is another option that uses radio-frequency energy to heat and collapse offending veins and seal them off. Your body then directs blood flow through healthier veins.
Learn more about the vein treatments available at Advanced Cardiovascular & Vein Center by calling the office or scheduling a consultation online today.